"The "hole" in the stratospheric ozone layer over the Antarctic the layer that protects people from harmful ultraviolet radiation is now the largest it has ever been and is not expected to recover until between 2060 and 2075." United Nations Environment Programme, 2007. Global Environment Outlook 4: Summary for Decision Makers. 

Below is a list of some environmental issues and how you can help.

Electricity (Energy) 

It's everywhere. We use energy all the time, from moving a computer mouse, to running around. It takes energy to power your house, to turn on and off lights. Our growing need for energy is one of the environmental problems we need to get through everyday. Here's how you can help:

  • Even if something looks turned off, unplug it from the wall. Simple as that. Turn off the lights if a room isn't being used. 
  • A lot of people are starting to use the sun as a means to power their house with solar panels. 


Did you know? Pollution is the number one cause for asthma attacks?

This is caused by many poisonous fumes being put into the air, water, animals and even people, and make many sick.  Here's how you can help:

  • Don't litter! When you're done using something, throw it away in the closest trash can, instead of throwing it on the street.
  • Instead of taking a car, ride your bike or walk.


We can't live without it! Where does all the food come from? all over the world. Some farms add pesticides to their food to keep pests and insects away. Here's how you can help:

  • Eat organic. Organic food is not only better for you but it also doesn't have pesticides in it. 
  • Think of all the food we waste. We just throw it out, right? Instead of throwing it away give it to the worms! They'll turn it into nice rich compost for you garden. Here's a list of foods you can give them:
  • Produce Scraps. If you eat allot of fresh fruits and vegetables, don't trash these valuable scraps. You can add the peels, cores and seeds from all of your produce to a compost pile or bin.
  • Breads and Grains. Most of anything made with flour can go into compost. Just don't mix meat, diary and oils.  
  • Beverages. Used coffee grounds are effective ingredient for good garden soil. Coffee grounds add nitrogen, minerals, carbohydrates and vitamins to soil and pass these important nutrients along to plants. 
  • Eggshells. Eggshells are made almost entirely of calcium carbonate, and also contain nitrogen and phosphoric acid, which balance the soil. Eggs themselves should not be added to compost; rinse the shells, and place them on a pan to dry in the oven. 


There's really no way to count how much garbage is produced in the US, but we can try. Assuming if garbage was a decent amount, the Untied States produces 6,570 blue whales worth of garbage a year. Here's how you can help:

  • Recycle your own paper, and if your buying paper, buy the recycling kind.
  • Packaging is a big problem, you but something, get what you want, and throw away the packaging, then it might get recycled. So, instead, try to buy something with less usage of packaging.
  • Paper or Plastic? How about neither? If you have it, use a reusable shopping bag. 

If we all tried to help the earth by doing the above suggestions, slowly we are making the world for future generations a greener, happier, healthier and clean place to live. I know I will, how about you? 

Copyright © Emma Elliott, 2012 

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